ADHD Symptoms Clinic[sm] : an integrative approach to the treatment of ADHD symptoms in children and adolescents.


Ivonne Fadel

Date of Award


Document Type



Caspersen School of Graduate Studies

Degree Name

Doctor of Medical Humanities


This is an integrative approach, from a psychological perspective model, to the treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptomatology that I call "ADHD Symptoms Clinic." It aims to bring new and effective non-pharmacologic treatment of ADHD to children and adolescents as an alternative to medication alone. Research concerning ADHD symptoms intends to bring some relief to children suffering from ADHD and their families with the incorporation of effective methods of treatment that have been scientifically proven to reduce symptoms of ADHD, at least in children with mild to moderate symptoms of the disorder. The objective of this study is also to find effective school interventions to improve academics and socialization skills, adding alternatives to medication alone. This integrative treatment of ADHD addresses sleep disorders and other comorbidities associated with this diagnosis, such as oppositional behaviors, depression, and anxiety. It includes regimens of restriction diet and exercise, school and community center interventions, and individual/family psychotherapy offering parents and children a choice of treatment without medication. There is great controversy surrounding over-diagnosis and over-medication of youth suffering from ADHD symptoms. Parents are sometimes against medication, creating a burden on families, children, and their school systems. The goal of the ADHD Symptoms Clinic is to benefit all the children suffering from ADHD symptomatology regardless of the diagnosis. Whether or not ADHD is a true illness, the symptoms are present, and the number of children suffering from ADHD symptoms constitutes an alarming proportion of young people. This study treats every child as a unique entity through understanding, identifying, and treating symptoms of each individual child. The ADHD Symptoms Clinic looks at the person as a whole and emphasizes the mind-body connection and the individual approach to illness. The ADHD Symptoms Clinic advocates controlling ADHD symptoms by incorporating healthy habits and psychotherapy while reducing or eliminating the need for medication.